Reposted From: tapol (Tapol)
The following is a summary of the charges against Budiman Sudjatmiko, chair of the People's Democracy Party (PRD), as read out by the prosecutor at the first court hearing on Thursday, 12 December 1996. Budiman's charge sheet is set out in four sections, Primary, Subsidiary, Further Subsidiary and Yet Further Subsidiary charges. The first three sections charge him under paras (a), (b) and (c) of Article 1 of the Anti-Subversion Law while the fourth charges him under Article 154 of the Criminal Code, one of the notorious 'sowing hatred articles'.
The charges under each of the sections are basically the same,
1. That he set up an organisation called PRD with associated organisations, the PPBI (a labour union), the SMID (a students organisation, the STN (a peasants organisation) and Jakker(a cultural workers network) which mentioned Peoples' Social Democracy, not the Indonesian Constitution and Pancasila as its basic principle. That the PRD together with its associated organisations distorted or undermined the state ideology by not conforming with decisions of the supreme legislative assembly in 1973 and 1983 which stipulate that social and political forces must adhere to the sole principle of the state.
2. That his actions to distort and undermine the Pancasila
ideology, carried out individually or in collaboration with other
activists, consist of:
3. After the extraordinary congress, he then issued the PRD Declaration at a public gathering held at the Legal Aid Institute in Jakarta, at which the following, among others, were present: Pramoedya Anata Toer, Sri Bintang, JC Pincen, Permadi, Gunawan Muhammad and Bambang Widjojanto as well as a number of journalists. At the gathering, he delivered a speech entitled: 'Unfurl the banner of people's sovereignty' in which he called for the repeal of the packet of five political laws of 1985 and rejected the dual-function of the armed forces, and also said that for thirty years, eight months and 22 days, the New Order authority had perpetrated violence against its own people.
4. That he distributed a PRD book entitled 'Towards a Multiparty People's Democracy' in which it is said that there is no democracy in Indonesia, that for 30 years, under the regime of President Suharto, the state authorities have obstructed peoples' participation, that the history of Indonesia is one of struggle against oppression and exploitation, that the New Order is a setback by comparison with the period 1950 - 1959, that the composition of parliament preserves the powers of a ruling clique with the armed forces being given special rights as appointees of the President, that there is a need for a democratic and people's power, that the setting up of the PRD is a response to the paralysis of the extra-parliamentary system and a qualitative advance in the people's movement for a peaceful, violence-free democratic, multiparty society, that the nationalist movement in Indonesia began with the creation of a trade union, the ISDV, that the New Order regime should be tried before an International Court to answer for the massacres in 1965 and that the Supreme Legislative Assembly (MPR) should convene an extraordinary session to call Suharto to account for the things he has done as leader of the Republic of Indonesia.
5 That he gave PRD awards to the following people all of whom are clearly opponents of the government: Xanana Gusmao, Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Gunawan Muhammad, Thomas Wanggay, Sri Bintang Pamungkas and George Aditjondro.
6. That he carried out a series of actions which he knew or
known could distort, undermine or overturn the State ideology
7. That in addition to all the above, on 27 July 1996, the defendant, together with other PRD activists, was among the masses which carried out riots in the vicinity of Jalan Diponegoro, Jakarta.
8. That he not only did all these things but he also tried to enter the so-called KIPP, the Independent Committee to Monitor the Elections, succeeding in becoming a member of the presidium, for the purpose of mobilising forces outside the PRD. Not only did he want to use KIPP; he also entered MARI, the Indonesian People's Council, in which he gained a position as member of the Guidance Council for the sole purpose of mobilising forces outside the PRD.
All these actions were part of a series of actions that can be considered as being for the purpose of creating a people's democratic coalition government through which to channel people's participation, in which there is mutual respect for each other's ideologies and political forces.
[These are the charges under the first or Primary section of the charge sheet, which are more or less repeated in the subsequent sections. The prosecution, so steeped in New Order discourse, clearly fails to comprehend the extremely moderate and very appealing nature of the PRD's allegedly 'subversive' programme as set forth in the charge sheet. It is also extraordinary to see how, after the vicious propaganda campaign against Budiman and the PRD as the 'masterminds of the 'riots' of 27 July, all the prosecution could come up with was the charge at the tail end, saying only that he and others were 'among the masses' on that day.]